Al-Musallh Magazine is specialized in defensive, armament, strategic matters and national security

Saudi Arabia | Ascertaining the readiness of the Hajj security forces to carry out their tasks in preserving the security and safety of pilgrims to the Holy House of God for this year’s Hajj season 1445.

Saudi Arabia | Ascertaining the readiness of the Hajj security forces to carry out their tasks in preserving the security and safety of pilgrims to the Holy House of God for this year’s Hajj season 1445.

The Pilgrims’ Security Forces have begun carrying out their assigned tasks for this year’s Hajj season in accordance with security and preventive plans based on a set of pillars that…

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Turkey | The Chief of General Staff of the Libyan Army participates in the activities of the distinguished Observer Day at the conclusion of the multi-tactical exercise (EFES 2024) held in Turkey.

Turkey | The Chief of General Staff of the Libyan Army participates in the activities of the distinguished Observer Day at the conclusion of the multi-tactical exercise (EFES 2024) held in Turkey.

Chief of the General Staff, Lieutenant General Muhammad Al-Haddad, and his accompanying delegation witnessed the closing activities of the Turkish military maneuvers (EFES2024), in the presence of the military attaché…

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Emirates | The launch of the activities of the eighth session of International Exhibition Security National Resilience (ISNR) 2024.

Emirates | The launch of the activities of the eighth session of International Exhibition Security National Resilience (ISNR) 2024.

This morning, the activities of the first day of the eighth session of International Exhibition Security National Resilience (ISNR) 2024 and the accompanying conference began, which witnessed a wide attendance…

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Turkiye | Libyan participation in the multi-military exercise “EFES-2024” organized by Türkiye with the participation of 49 countries.

Turkiye | Libyan participation in the multi-military exercise “EFES-2024” organized by Türkiye with the participation of 49 countries.

The Libyan Navy's Shafak boat is participating in the "EFES-2024" multinational military exercise, which is being held on the territory of the Republic of Turkey and under its leadership. It…

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This article deals with the theories used in the destruction of toxic warfare agents and chemical weapons, according to the correct requirements and rules. At the beginning of the article, the writer referred to an incident that occurred

after the end of World War II, during which the Allies randomly disposed of a large part of Germany's chemical arsenal that they had seized, by dumping huge quantities of them in the sea, or burning them, causing pollution to the environment.

Then the writer highlighted the regulations provided by the Chemical Weapons Convention, which came into progress in 1997, and these regulations relate to the proper methods that states possessing chemical weapons should adhere to when destroying their stockpiles.

In the body of the article, the writer reviewed the theories used in the destruction of warlike toxic agents and chemical weapons, as follows:

The two main methods of destroying chemical weapons are; High-temperature destruction such as incineration, and low-temperature destruction such as neutralization, and these two methods are follow by the post-treatment process of the secondary wastes that result from the process of burning or neutralization.

The writer added that there is another method that can be used for the same purpose, which is destruction through "plasma gasification". It is a very sophisticated method, which is simply to convert waste into energy by "plasma gasification", that means converting matter from a liquid or solid state to a gaseous state. The organic and inorganic waste is treated by a reactor that uses a powerful plasma burner to raise the temperature of the waste to thousands of degrees. This terrible heat leads to a complete cracking of the relevant chemical bonds.

 

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